WASHINGTON — Congress voted on Friday to terminate the national emergency President Trump has declared at the southwestern border, delivering a bipartisan rebuke of his efforts to redirect federal money to a border wall without congressional approval.
The resolution of disapproval — the second time in as many months that Congress has rejected Mr. Trump’s scheme to allocate large sums for a border barrier over lawmakers’ objections — fell short of its goal. With just 11 Republicans joining House Democrats in supporting it, the measure did not draw the two-thirds majority that would have been needed to overcome a veto. The Senate, which passed the measure earlier this week, also did not muster a veto-proof majority.
But the action underscored the continuing struggle between Mr. Trump and Congress over his signature political promise and domestic priority, a symbol of an immigration agenda that has divided the country and the two political parties.
The 236-174 tally mirrored the vote taken seven months ago, when lawmakers first tried to undo Mr. Trump’s national emergency declaration.
Lawmakers can force a vote on the issue every six months, and Democrats have been using the opportunity to pressure Republicans to choose repeatedly between protecting their own powers of the purse and backing the president’s use of executive power to steer more money than Congress has been willing to devote to the border wall.
Republicans argued on Friday that Congress had forced the president’s hand by refusing to delegate funds to the barrier. But Democrats, armed with a list of 127 military construction projects set to lose money under the declaration, accused their colleagues of prioritizing the border wall over their constituents and their constitutional prerogatives to allocate spending.
The $3.6 billion list of projects, which the Pentagon unveiled earlier this month, includes military facilities in nearly half the 50 states, as well as three territories and 19 foreign countries. While military officials have stressed that the projects will see their funds delayed, Congress could replace the money in upcoming spending legislation and an annual defense policy bill.
Democrats have called that alternative a nonstarter.