Bill de Blasio on the Issues: What Kind of Democrat Is He?

Mayor Bill de Blasio of New York became the 23rd Democrat to enter the race for the White House on Thursday, and he is expected to try to position himself toward the leftward edge of the field. But running a local government typically means making compromises, and Mr. de Blasio’s record is more complex than his rhetoric.

He can lay claim to running a larger executive branch than any of his rivals, with the exception of Joseph R. Biden Jr.’s two terms as vice president. (New York City has more residents than the home states of each of the three governors in the race, Colorado, Washington and Montana.) And he can tout New York’s booming economy and falling crime rate while pointing to a flurry of other liberal agenda items he has pursued.

Mr. de Blasio, 58, rose to the mayoralty as a self-styled progressive, and he has repeatedly called for the national party to move to the left. Back home, though, he has proved a more cautious politician. He has supported incumbent Democratic politicians against progressive insurgents, for instance, and he has drawn persistent criticism from his left flank. An early biography of Mr. de Blasio was titled “The Pragmatist.”

As a bearded young man in the late 1980s, Mr. de Blasio admired the cause of the leftist Sandinistas of Nicaragua. But in New York, he rose to power as a political insider who worked in City Hall and later managed Hillary Clinton’s 2000 Senate campaign before starting his own political career.

Here are some of the issues he has advocated, and confronted, as mayor.

The gap between the rich and the poor, and the lifestyles they can afford, has been an animating issue for Mr. de Blasio for more than a decade, and a central message of his mayoral campaigns. He was an adviser to and supporter of John Edwards’s presidential campaign in 2004, drawn to the former senator’s “two Americas” pitch about the troubling stratification of wealth in the country.

But as mayor, Mr. de Blasio has been unsuccessful in seeking a new “millionaires’ tax” in New York City. The trouble is that the state, not the city, holds the power to impose taxes in New York, and Mr. de Blasio has been unable to convince state legislators or the governor to sign onto his various tax plans for high earners.

“There’s plenty of money in the world. Plenty of money in this city,” he said in his State of the City speech in January. “It’s just in the wrong hands!”

The line has fast become a favorite for a mayor who, in 2015, tried to organize a forum in Iowa on income inequality. The idea of a forum collapsed when neither Mrs. Clinton nor Senator Bernie Sanders of Vermont agreed to attend.

Mr. de Blasio’s signature policy achievement in New York is his implementation of a universal prekindergarten program. There are about 70,000 children now enrolled in prekindergarten citywide, up from 19,000 in 2013, the year he was first elected.

The program scaled up quickly — and successfully. Last year a prominent national evaluation system rated about 94 percent of the city’s pre-K programs at a threshold that would predict positive long-term outcomes for students.

The added free year of schooling has been widely popular, and Mr. de Blasio has already begun to expand a follow-up program for 3-year-olds, commonly known as 3-K.

The mayor pushed to make New York City a so-called sanctuary city — limiting cooperation with federal immigration authorities — even before President Trump took office. He also supported the creation of a city ID card that immigrants can use for both proof of residency and access to some municipal programs and facilities.

This year, Mr. de Blasio announced a plan to spend $100 million to ensure that undocumented immigrants and others who cannot qualify for insurance can receive medical treatment.

But immigration advocates criticized Mr. de Blasio for a proposal in 2017 to no longer pay for legal representation for people facing deportation if they had been convicted of certain crimes in the past.

Crime in New York City has plunged in recent years, with violent crimes such as murders and shootings dropping to new lows. The declines came even after Mr. de Blasio continued to scale back the city’s so-called stop-and-frisk program, a decision that critics had warned would lead to a spike in crime.

The program, in which police officers stopped and searched thousands of people on the streets each year, had been plagued by racial disparities. While those issues remain, the total number of street stops has fallen 98 percent since 2011.

Now, Mr. de Blasio likes to hail New York as “the safest big city in America.”

Mr. de Blasio’s stance on the legalization of recreational marijuana, which has been championed by some of the other 2020 Democratic contenders, has been more hesitant. He was long opposed but shifted his position late last year, backing “a regulatory framework” for legalization days after the Democratic governor, Andrew M. Cuomo, endorsed recreational marijuana.

Mr. de Blasio has made affordable housing in the city a major theme of his administration, and has announced plans to preserve or build 300,000 affordable housing units by 2026. He created or preserved a record 24,500 units in 2017 alone, spending $1.1 billion.

But housing prices have continued to spiral upward in the city, and homelessness has grown. The New York City Housing Authority, home to more than 400,000 low-income New Yorkers, has been beset with problems that predate Mr. de Blasio and his administration, though he has been criticized as slow to respond to certain issues, such as toxic lead poisoning. The city recently entered into a settlement that gave the federal government greater control of public housing.


more recommended stories

  • Trump Opens Tokyo Visit With a Tweet Sure to Unnerve the Japanese

    TOKYO — President Trump kicked off.

  • Bernie Sanders, No Longer the Front-Runner, Brings Campaign Home to Vermont

    MONTPELIER, Vt. — Senator Bernie Sanders.

  • Fact-Checking Bernie Sanders on the Campaign Trail

    “Absolutely. In fact, climate change is.

  • A Lesson of Sandy Hook: ‘Err on the Side of the Victims’

    NEWTOWN, Conn. — Scarlett Lewis sees.

  • Iran Slams U.S. After Middle East Troop Buildup Is Announced

    LONDON — Iranian officials lashed out.

  • John Bolton Says North Korean Missile Tests Violated U.N. Resolutions

    TOKYO — North Korean weapons tests.

  • On Politics: The Biggest Stories of the Week

    • China’s Supply of Minerals for.

  • Supreme Court Blocks Two Rulings Striking Down Voting Maps

    WASHINGTON — The Supreme Court on.

  • Barr Got More Power to Review the Russia Inquiry. Here’s What We Know About Its Origins.

    WASHINGTON — President Trump has given.

  • Edited Pelosi Video vs. the Original: A Side-by-Side Comparison – Video

    Channels & Shows Home Search U.S..

  • Jay Inslee Is Running on Climate Change. The Issue Is Catching On, So Why Isn’t He?

    RAYMOND, N.H. — For years, climate.

  • News Quiz: Test Your Knowledge of the Week’s Headlines

    Did you stay up to date.

  • On Politics: The Trade War Is Here to Stay

    Good Friday morning. Here are some.

  • Hope Hicks Left the White House. Now She Must Decide Whether to Talk to Congress.

    A White House spokesman did not.

  • 2020 Democrats Join McDonald’s Workers Striking Over Wages and Harassment

    As McDonald’s held its annual shareholder.

  • Sanders’s Education Plan Renews Debate Over Charter Schools and Segregation

    When Senator Bernie Sanders delivered a.

  • Trump Administration to Announce Farm Aid to Ease Pain of Trade War

    He reached out to Canadian and.

  • Pentagon to Build Temporary Shelter for 7,500 Migrant Adults Facing Deportation

    WASHINGTON — The Pentagon said on.

  • On Politics: Trump Blows Up Meeting With Democrats

    • New York State lawmakers approved.

  • U.S. Yet to Find Evidence of New Chemical Weapons Attack in Syria

    WASHINGTON — The United States has.

  • Michael Avenatti Is Charged With Stealing Nearly $300,000 From Stormy Daniels

    Federal prosecutors on Wednesday charged the.

  • Trump’s Battles: Today’s State of Play

    congress and the presidency As Democrats.

  • Gillibrand Proposes Huge Investments in Maternal Health, Child Care and Education

    Senator Kirsten Gillibrand’s presidential campaign on.

  • On Politics: Trump May Impose Limits on Chinese Maker of Surveillance Tech

    Good Wednesday morning. Here are some.

  • Anita Hill Worries Female 2020 Candidates Are ‘Not Being Taken Seriously’

    Mr. Biden spoke with Ms. Hill.

  • U.S. Says Syria’s President May Be Using Chemical Weapons Again

    WASHINGTON — The State Department said.

  • Kentucky Has a Primary Election Today. Here’s What to Watch.

    Voters in Kentucky are choosing their.

  • ‘Our Subpoenas Are Not Optional,’ Nadler Warns McGahn – Video

    By REUTERS | May. 21, 2019.

  • As McGahn Prepares to Defy Subpoena, Democrats’ Anger Swells

    WASHINGTON — The House Judiciary Committee.

  • Lawmakers Break Ramadan Fast on Capitol Hill

    WASHINGTON — As the House’s day.

  • Fox News Welcomes Pete Buttigieg. Trump and ‘Fox & Friends’ Aren’t Pleased.

    Mr. Hume added, “Oh, and covering.

  • Impeachment Appeal Pushes Justin Amash From G.O.P. Gadfly to Insurgent

    Calls to the congressman’s cellphone and.