Voters in Tanzania are going to the polls for a presidential election that the opposition warns is already deeply compromised by manipulation and deadly violence
“My life is in danger,” the chairman of one of the East African nation’s top opposition parties, Freeman Mbowe of CHADEMA, tweeted early in the morning, asserting that “heavily armed gangsters” protected by police had raided his hotel and seized two of his security guards.
Tanzania, once praised for its relative peace and its peacemaking efforts in Africa, has become a human rights crisis as diplomats, the United Nations human rights office and others say the government under President John Magufuli has stifled media, civil society and opposition voices. He also has been accused of downplaying the coronavirus pandemic, declaring it defeated through prayer.
The populist Magufuli, who made his name in part by targeting corruption, now seeks a second five-year term in one of Africa’s most populous and fastest-growing economies. His top opposition challenger is Tundu Lissu, a survivor of an assassination attempt in 2017 who returned from exile earlier this year to campaign. He was banned from campaigning for a week earlier this month by authorities who accused him of making seditious comments.
“Everyone has the duty to protect the legitimacy of this general election,” The Citizen newspaper said in an opinion article on Wednesday, reminding readers that “for decades, Tanzania has been an island of peace.”
The opposition faces a major challenge in trying to unseat the ruling Chama Cha Mapinduzi party, which has been in power since independence in 1961, as 15 presidential candidates seek a win, splitting support. More than 29 million people have registered to vote.
Internet services slowed ahead of the vote. Fewer major election observers will be present, some saying they weren’t invited by the government, and the opposition said authorities made it difficult to accredit thousands of their own observers. Few in foreign media received approval to report on the ground.
Deadly violence erupted ahead of the vote as Tanzania’s other top opposition party, ACT Wazalendo, accused police of shooting dead nine people in the semi-autonomous region of Zanzibar. Meanwhile, CHADEMA accused ruling party supporters of shooting dead two people at a rally in a town in the northeast. The ruling party did not respond to requests for comment.
Tanzania Elections Watch, a regional initiative of prominent personalities, has pointed out hate speech and intimidation of candidates and said the election will be flawed if held under current conditions.
“There are legitimate concerns that the heavy police and army deployment across Zanzibar is intimidating residents and creating fear and despondency that could deter voters from turning out,” Tanzania Elections Watch said in a statement Wednesday.
It warned that actions by security forces have created a “climate of fear.” The group also said it is “alarmed by the clampdown on communication channels, including suspension of bulk SMS services, reported blocking of social media sites, and slowing down of Internet communication.”